Claire Zalc et Tal Bruttmann (dir.), New York, Berghahn Books, 336 p., ill., Décembre 2016 (Collection « War and Genocide », vol. 24).
How does scale affect our understanding of the Holocaust ? In the vastness of its implementation and the sheer amount of death and suffering it produced, the genocide of Europe’s Jews presents special challenges for historians, who have responded with work ranging in scope from the world-historical to the intimate. In particular, recent scholarship has demonstrated a willingness to study the Holocaust at scales as focused as a single neighborhood, family, or perpetrator. This volume brings together an international cast of scholars to reflect on the ongoing microhistorical turn in Holocaust studies, assessing its historiographical pitfalls as well as the distinctive opportunities it affords researchers.
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Introduction : Towards a Microhistory of the Holocaust
Claire Zalc and Tal Bruttmann
PART I : BIOGRAPHIES, GROUPS, TRANSPORTS, GHETTOS : THE SCALES OF ANALYSIS
Chapter 1. An Inconceivable Emigration. Richard Frank’s flight from Germany to Switzerland in 1942
Chapter 2. Pursuing Escape from Vienna : The Katz Family’s Correspondence
Melissa Jane Taylor
Chapter 3. Moving Together, Moving Alone : The Story of Boys on a Transport from Auschwitz to Buchenwald
Chapter 4. Dehumanizing the Dead. The Destruction of Thessaloniki’s Jewish Cemetery
Chapter 5. Reconstructing Trajectories of Persecution : Reflections on a Prosopography of Holocaust Victims
Nicolas Mariot and Claire Zalc
Chapter 6. Microhistories, Microgeographies : Budapest, 1944 and Scales of Analysis
PART II : FACE-TO-FACE : VICTIMS AND PERPETRATORS
Chapter 7. Microhistory of the Holocaust in Poland : New Sources, New Trails
Chapter 8. Jewish Slave Workers in the German Aviation Industry
Chapter 9. The Devil in Microhistory : The “Hunt for Jews” as a Social Process, 1942-1945
Chapter 10. On the Persistence of Moral Judgment : Local Perpetrators in Transnistria as Seen by Survivors and Their Christian Neighbors
Chapter 11. Defiance and Protest. A Comparative Microhistorical Reevaluation of Individual Jewish Responses to Nazi Persecution
Chapter 12. The Murder of the Jews in Ostrów Mazowiecka in November 1939
Chapter 13. Échirolles, August 7 1944 : a Triple Execution
Chapter 14. The Beginning : First Massacres against the Jews in the Romanian Holocaust. Level of Decision, Genocidal Strategy and Killing Methods regarding Dorohoi and Galati Pogroms, June-July, 1940
PART III : THE MATERIAL FOR SHIFTING SCALES : SOURCES BETWEEN TESTIMONIES AND ARCHIVES
Chapter 15. The Holocaust and Postwar Justice in Poland in Three Acts
Chapter 16. The Small and the Good : Microhistory Through the Eyes of the Witness. A Case Study
Chapter 17. The Witness against the Archive : towards a Microhistory of Christianstadt
Claire Zalc is a Research Professor (directrice de recherche) in history at the Institut d’histoire moderne et contemporaine (CNRS, ENS, Paris 1). She specializes in the history of immigration in twentieth-century France and the history of French Jews during World War II. She was awarded the CNRS Bronze Medal in 2013.
Tal Bruttmann is a researcher whose work focuses on the various anti-Jewish policies implemented in France between 1940 and 1944, as well as the “Final Solution.” He has published several books, the most recent of which was Auschwitz (La Découverte, 2015).